Urdu Glossary
 
 

Urdu is a conglomerate of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. The spoken language is similar to Hindi, but it is written in the Perso-Arabic script.

1 ek 12 bara
1.5 dehr 13 tera
2 doh 14 chawda
2.5  dhai 15  pandra
3 teen 20 bees
4 char 25 pachees
5 paanch 30 tees
6 chhe 40  chalees
7 saath 50 pachaas
8 aath 100  ek saw
9 naw 2,000 doh hazaar
10 dus 100,000 ek lakh
11 gyara 10 million ek crore


(Beware of similar-sounding 25 and 50).  
Greeting (Peace be with you)

Salaam alay kum

Reply to Greeting (With you also be peace) Waalay kum as salaam
How are you? Aapka (or Tumhara) kya hal heyh?
I am well. Theekh heyh or Theek thak.
What is your name? Aapka (or Tumhara) naam kya heyh?
Do you speak English? Kya aap angrezi boltay heyn?
I am English/American/French Meyn angrez/amrikan/fransisi hun.
Which way to Lahore? Lahore kiss taraf heyh?
How much is this/that? Yeyh/Voh kitne ky heyh?
Thank you Shukria.
Good Bye Khoodha Haafiz.
Yes Ji haan, haanji or haan
No Naheen (na’en)
Okay/Good Achhaa
When? Kub?
Three O’clock Teen bajay
Morning Subha
Evening Shaam
Go/going Jao/Jaana
Near Nazdeek
Far Dur
Food Khana
To eat food Khana khana
To drink Peena
Meat Gosht
Beef Gai ka gosht
Goat meat  Bakri ka gosht
Chicken Murghi
Fish Machii/machhlii
Egg Anda
Vegetable Subzi
Potato Aalu
Spinach Palak
Lentils Daal
Rice Chavel
Bread Roti, naan, chapati
Baked bread  Double roti
Yoghurt Dahi
Water Pani
Tea Chai
Salt Namak
Sugar Cheeni
Home/house Ghar/makaan
Bed Palang, charpai
Blanket Kambal
Pillow Takya
Sheet Chader
Fan Pankha
Candle Mombutti
Hot Garam
Cold Thanda (m)/thandi (f)
Small Chhota (m)/chhoti (f)
Big Burha (m)/burhi (f)
Clean Saaf
Expensive Mehenga

 
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