The Karakoram is a massive mountain range stretching across parts of Pakistan, India, China, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. It’s the second-highest mountain range on Earth, after the Himalayas, and contains 18 peaks over 7,500 meters (24,600 ft), four of which are above 8,000 meters (26,000 ft), including the world’s second-highest peak, K2 (8,611 meters or 28,251 ft).

The Karakoram is known for its dramatic scenery, with steep, glaciated peaks, deep valleys, and rugged terrain. The Baltoro Muztagh sub-range in particular is home to some of the world’s most impressive glaciers, including the Siachen Glacier (76 km or 47 mi long) and the Biafo Glacier (63 km or 39 mi long).

The Karakoram is also home to a rich biodiversity, with animal species like Marco Polo sheep, Tibetan wolves, and snow leopards. The region is also a popular destination for trekking and mountaineering, with some of the world’s most challenging climbing routes found in the Karakoram.

Here are some of the key features of the Karakoram mountains:

  • Geology: The Karakoram is a young mountain range, formed by the collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates. This collision is still ongoing, which is why the Karakoram is so seismically active.
  • Climate: The climate of the Karakoram is harsh, with cold temperatures, strong winds, and heavy snowfall. The higher peaks are covered in snow and ice year-round.
  • Culture: The Karakoram is home to a number of different cultures, including the Balti, Wakhi, and Shina people. These cultures have adapted to the harsh environment of the Karakoram and have developed a unique way of life.